Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Programme

Black Sea - Unity and Diversity in the Roman Antiquity


Project leder: Tulcea County Council, România

Geographic location. Tulcea County is situated on the east-south-east boundary of Romania, in the northern part of Dobruja, on the mouth of the Danube, with egress to the Black Sea (to the east), on the border with the Republic of Moldova and with Ukraine (to the north), neighboring on the other sides the counties of Galaţi, Brăila and Constanţa.

The county has a total surface of 8,499 sq km, out of which 3,446 sq km are wet areas, that  is the Danube Delta and the Razim-Sinoie Lagoon Complex. Tulcea County has the oldest relief in Romania and the Danube, which borders the county to the west and to the north on a 276 km distance, is the main practicable water-way and the county's most important water source. Sea ships also sail on its lower sector, with the three mouths (Chilia, Sulina, Sfântu Gheorghe), especially on Sulina Branch, continuing up to Brăila. The river lakes, delta lakes and seashore lakes are, equally, natural resources of water, important for fishing purposes, means of communication (through the numerous channels), as well as leisure areas or water supply sources for the population.


Administrative–territorial structure and demographic data. Tulcea County has 51 administrative-territorial units: the city of Tulcea, the towns of Sulina, Măcin, Babadag, Isaccea and 46 communes, currently inhabited by 256,491 persons. Besides Romanians, Tulcea County is also inhabited by around 17 ethnicities: Lipovan Russians, Turks, Tartars, Ukrainians, Greeks, Italians, Germans, Rroma etc. 


Historical landmarks. The territory of the nowadays Tulcea County has been inhabited since the first Stone Age (the Paleolithic). Numerous vestiges dating from prehistory and protohistory, the Thracian-Getic fortresses and settlements and the Greek cities, the Roman and Byzantine fortifications, cities and settlements, the medieval and modern monuments provide important testimonies on the millennia long history of the county between the Danube and the Black Sea. It was a bridge, connecting the North and the South, the East and the West, a veritable via gentium in Antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also a place where the interests of the world's great powers would collide − the Persian Empire and the Scythian Kingdom, the Pontic Kingdom and Rome, the Ottoman Empire, Russia and Austria etc. It is a fascinating history, with rises and falls, with cultural and ethnic syntheses, with monuments and impressions of time. 


TULCEA COUNTY COUNCIL is the regional public administration authority, established at county level, in order to coordinate the activity of the commune, town and city councils, so to provide the public services of county interest. Tulcea County Council is organized and operates on the basis of the principles of decentralization, local autonomy, deconcentration of public services, eligibility of local public administration authorities, legality and of consultation of citizens in resolving local issues of special interest.